Coronary Artery Disease / Ischaemia Heart Disease

The Heart is an important organ that pumps blood around the body to keep us alive. It is a special muscle that needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to function. The blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the heart are called the “Coronary Arteries”. Blockages of these blood vessels leads to Chest Pain and Heart Attack.

Major risk factors for blood vessel blockages are High Blood Pressure, High Cholesterol, Diabetes, and Smoking.

Symptoms of blood vessel blockages in the heart are:

  • Chest Pain (Angina)
  • Chest Discomfort/Heaviness/Tightness
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Neck Discomfort/Jaw Discomfort
  • Left Shoulder & Arm Pain or Numbness/Tingling. 

If the blockage is severe, it may lead to a Heart Attack, where part of the heart muscle is permanently damaged. This is potentially life-threatening, and medical attention should be sought immediately.


Treatment may require procedures such as Angioplasty (“Ballooning”/”Stenting”) or Heart Bypass Surgery, which should be combined with medications and attention to diet and lifestyle.

**The above information is for general knowledge only and does not constitute medical advice. Please consult a doctor if you have any questions or symptoms.